Of the myriad controversies that have plagued OpenAI, the issue of training data has emerged as the most polarizing. For publishers, this polarization comes in the form of a choice between staying as far away as possible, or getting closer and making a deal.

OpenAI has kept a lid on information about what models like GPT4o are trained on ChatGPTSecret recipe. However, similar LLMs are fed Social media posts,blogs, Digital booksOnline reviews, Wikipedia pages, and any information on the web you can think of. In fact, at least one scientist, Berkeley computer scientist Stuart Russell, thinks so Most well known online They are devoured by LLMs in order to replicate human intelligence and return it to us in robotic form.

Of course, AI training data also includes articles from news sites and online media.

Publications quickly discovered that ChatGPT’s knowledge of historical and current events was clearly fueled by stories posted on its sites (even banned pages) and that OpenAI was taking advantage of it. What followed was a messy copyright dilemma with no clear answer. Publications like The New York Times Submitted Lawsuits against OpenAI alleging copyright infringement. OpenAI Claims “Training AI models using publicly available Internet materials is fair use.” But while the exact wording of “publicly available” may sound like “public domain,” it only refers to how the data was obtained, not the copyright status.

As Ed Newton Rix, CEO of AI certification organization Fairly Trained, said, He says“There is a very real danger of using the phrase ‘publicly available’ to hide copyright infringement in plain sight.” However, OpenAI has deep historical precedent on its side, and US copyright laws strongly protect fair use and freedom of information.

A way to avoid the statute of limitations or a “devil’s deal”?

The question of what OpenAI can Legally The process of feeding their models is still being worked out, but in the meantime some publications have sorted themselves into factions to settle the issue in the short term: some Preventing OpenAI from fully understanding their productsWhile others made deals.

Media companies that have partnered with OpenAI say that generative AI is here to stay, and that it is better to get a piece of the pie than to risk it becoming obsolete. Additionally, the partnership with OpenAI gives publications some semblance of control over how their journalism appears in ChatGPT responses.

“As the media and technology landscape changes, it’s important that accurate, trustworthy information reaches audiences,” said Pam Wasserstein, president of Vox Media, which recently announced a licensing partnership with OpenAI. “This partnership recognizes that human creativity and high-quality journalism are an essential part of responsible publishing.” For generative artificial intelligence.”

Jessica Lesin, CEO of The Information, which has been critical of these deals, summed it up As follows:

“Faced with the threat of lawsuits, they seek business deals, in order to vindicate [OpenAI] From theft. These deals amount to a settlement without a lawsuit. Publishers willing to proceed in this way are not only failing to defend their intellectual property rights — they are also trading their hard-earned credibility for little money from companies that are simultaneously undervaluing them and building products clearly intended to replace them. they.”

More succinctly, Damon Peres of Atlantic Ocean (One of the publications that has signed a licensing agreement with OpenAI) It’s called making a deal “Devil’s deal.”

What OpenAI gets from these deals is pretty clear: exclusive access to real-time news, impressive displays of goodwill toward the media, and so on. But for publishers, there is little common knowledge about the terms of licensing agreements. Vox’s statement about its deal refers to “innovative products for Vox Media clients and advertising partners,” but it’s not at all clear what goodies Vox or any of these companies might get. It should be noted that many advertisements suggest access to readers’ data and ideas as part of the exchange. So you can bet that your ChatGPT data will play a role in the agreement.

This is who he has successfully courted so far. We’ve also rounded up all the media companies that have sued OpenAI for copyright infringement. Read on and keep following as this story will definitely have updates.

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Media companies that have licensing agreements with OpenAI

News agency

On July 23, 2023, the non-profit news agency Announce Deal with OpenAI. As part of the deal, OpenAI was given access to an AP news archive dating back to 1985 to train its models and provide ChatGPT responses based on its data. “AP strongly supports a framework that ensures intellectual property is protected and content creators are fairly compensated for their work,” Christine Heitman, AP’s senior vice president and chief revenue officer, said in the announcement.

Axel Springer

Publications: interested in business; POLITICO

On December 13, 2023, the German media company Axel Springer, which owns Business Insider and Politico, announced… Announce Its partnership is OpenAI. “We want to explore the opportunities of AI-powered journalism – to take the quality, societal relevance and business model of journalism to the next level,” said Matthias Döpfner, CEO of Axel Springer. Axel Springer It said He received tens of millions of euros for the deal.

FT Group

Publication: Financial Times

Colloquially known as the FT, the British daily newspaper Announce partnership with OpenAI on April 29, 2024. John Reading, CEO of FT Group, said the agreement “recognizes the value of our award-winning journalism and will give us early insights into how content can emerge through AI.”

Dotdash Meredith

Publications: the people, Better homes and gardens, Food and wineinvestopedia, In style, very good

On May 7, 2024, the media company that owns several lifestyle and entertainment magazines Announce Agreement with OpenAI. “This deal is a testament to the great work OpenAI is doing on both fronts to partner with creators and publishers and ensure a healthy internet for the future,” said Neil Vogel, CEO of Dotdash Meredith.

News Corp

Publications: The Wall Street Journal, New York Post, the Daily Telegraph, Barron’s, Market monitoringInvestors Business Daily, FN, The Times, The Sunday Times, Australian Sun, Telegraph, The Courier-Mail, The Advertiser, Herald Sun

Fox News’ parent company, News Corp, is best known in the publishing context for owning it The Wall Street Journal And the New York Post Announce Deal with OpenAI on May 22, 2024. “We are thrilled to find initial partners in Sam Altman and his talented and trusted team who understand the business and social importance of journalists and journalism,” said Robert Thompson, CEO of News Corp.

Fox Media

Publications: Curb Shearing Dodo Eater Street Group Intelligence, New York MagazineNow This Polygon PopSugar SB Nation Strategic Thriller Edge Fox Vulture

Fox Media Announce deal with OpenAI on May 29, 2024. The company, which has a range of publications covering technology, culture, sports, entertainment and food, allegedly did not inform its employees in advance.

“As journalists and workers, we have serious concerns about this partnership, which we believe could negatively impact our union members, not to mention the well-documented ethical and environmental concerns surrounding the use of generative AI,” the Vox Media Union said. in statement On X.

Atlantic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean Common to her partnership With OpenAI on the same day as the Vox Media announcement (May 29, 2024). “We believe people searching using AI models will be one of the primary ways people navigate the web in the future,” said CEO Nicholas Thompson. Atlantic Ocean.

But “generative AI hasn’t exactly looked like a friend of the news industry, since it’s been trained on large amounts of material without permission from those who made it in the first place,” Peiris, a senior technology editor at Harvard University, countered. Atlantic Ocean In his aforementioned story.

Media companies that have filed lawsuits against OpenAI

On December 27, 2023, the The New York Times It was the first major publication to file a lawsuit against OpenAI and its main investor Microsoft for copyright infringement. The Intercept, Raw Story, and AlterNet, represented by the same law firm, Lawsuits filed v. OpenAI, alleging violations of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act on February 29, 2024. The Intercept also included Microsoft in its suit.

A group of daily newspapers consisting of New York Daily Newsthe Chicago Tribunethe Orlando Sentinelthe Sun Sentinel Florida, San Jose Mercury News, Denver Postthe Orange County Register And the St. Paul Pioneer Press, He filed a lawsuit Against OpenAI and Microsoft in April 2024.

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